改造、反思——北京市草场四条胡同8号院和19号院_建筑邦—第一建筑设计阅读互动平台
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改造、反思——北京市草场四条胡同8号院和19号院建筑设计/居住建筑/别墅
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设计说明:
改造、反思
设计单位:胡越工作室
创作时间:2015.5-2015.10
建成时间:2015.12
创作团队:胡越、邰方晴、姜然、吴汉成、赵默超
摄影师:杨超英;陈溯

本案包括北京前门草场四条8号院、19号院落改造和一个位于8号院内的装置。
改造
在改造中,建筑师关注着普通建筑中的普通生活,让原本普通的合院住宅经改造后继续着平凡的使命。
传统的北京合院住宅有着静谧的内院和采光通风良好的房间,然而这些属于合院独有的空间特质由于人口的极度膨胀和长期的私搭乱建已基本消失殆尽。
本案以满足住户基本生活需求为前提,力图在极端拥挤的环境中重现传统合院建筑的空间格局。我们通过部分的拆改和加建,使得每个住户都能分享内院空间,都能获得充足的阳光,都能获得良好的通风条件,亦使每个住户重新体验到传统合院的静谧安逸,重新获得生活的乐趣和尊严。
反思
在8号院和19号院改造过程中,我们曾反复思考:传统建筑在当代城市生活中的角色和关系。我们发现传统建筑与现代城市的冲突表现在尺度和角色转换两方面
胖子——尺度的转换
院子中有一个10米高的充气人偶——胖子。他的身高是推算得来的。过去北京一般胡同宽度约4-5米,而现代一般城市次级路得宽度是30米、主路宽达百米以上。随着技术的进步,城市尺度越来越大,怡人的小空间被非人的巨大空间取代。按照过去人的身高与街道宽度比值(1.7/5)反推,根据现代道路宽度(30米),人的身高至少要达到10.2米。其实我们日常生活的空间单元(如居室)与过去相比是有所减少的。但我们的公共空间以及构成他们的尺度却如此巨大。在这里你看到了变化和冲突,希望他能引起观众深刻的思考。
饺子——角色的转换
作为一种传统食品,在这里饺子是靠垫,是沙发。它徒有外形,功能,尺度,材质已转换。这正是许多传统文化在当下的境况,你看后是否还联想到别的什么?

Transform and Rethink
Design Company: Hu Yue Studio
Design time:2015.5-2015.10
Completion time:2015.12
Location:No.8 and No.19 ,4thCaochangHutong, Dongcheng District ,Beijing
Building area:435.4㎡
Height:5m
Number of layers: two layers for some parts
Design team:Hu Yue, Tai Fangqing, Jiang Ran, Wu Hancheng, Zhao Mochao
Photographer:Yang Chaoying; Chen Su

Transform and Rethink
This project includes the transformation in No. 8 Courtyard and No. 19 Courtyard, and also an installation in No. 8 Courtyard, on CaochangSitiao, Qianmen, Beijing.
Transform
During the transformation, architects concern the daily lives in the normal houses. It makes the courtyard dwellings continue with its ordinary mission after the transformation.
The traditional Beijing courtyard dwelling is designed with a peaceful inner yard and rooms around in good lighting and ventilation condition. However, these characteristics have been disappearing along with the exceeding population expansion and additional construction in chaos.
On the premise of satisfying residents’ basic need in daily life, this project tries the best to make the traditional layout of the courtyard recur in the extremely crowded circumstance. After partially demolishing and extending, it makes each resident enjoy the inner yard space, enough sun light, nice ventilation, as well as the peace of the traditional dwellings. Also, obtain the happiness and dignity of life again.
Rethink
During the transformation process of No. 8 Courtyard and No. 19 Courtyard, we have been ruminating over the role of traditional buildings and its relation to the current city life. We find the conflict between the traditional and contemporary building happens on two aspects, the role and the change.
Fatty - Scale Transformation
There is a 10-meter-high inflatable figure – the fatty, whose height is computative. In the past, the width of Hutong is about 4 to 5 meters, however, now the width of the city-level secondary street is around 30 meters, while the width of the main street goes over 100 meters. As the technology develops, the city scale is becoming larger and larger, therefore the adaptable human scale has been taken place by non-human huge scale. According to the past scale 1.7/5, human height to road width, the height of human should be at least 10.2 meters, based on the contemporary street width (30 meters). Actually, the amount of our living unit has been shrinking down comparing with the past, while the public space and the city scale is such considerable. Hereby, you could see the transformation and the conflict. We hope it could make the visitors a profound think.
Dumplings – Role Transformation
As a kind of traditional food, here, the dumplings become cushion and sofa. It only maintains the profile shape, but the function, scale and material have been changed. This is just the current situation of most traditional culture. What associations does this have for you?
技术经济指标:
建设地点:北京市东城区草场四条胡同8号院和19号院
建筑面积:435.4㎡
高度:5m
层数:局部加建二层
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