意大利米兰“垂直森林” / Bosco Verticale by Boeri Studio_建筑邦—第一建筑设计阅读互动平台
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意大利米兰“垂直森林” / Bosco Verticale by Boeri Studio建筑设计/居住建筑/住区
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设计说明:
不久的将来,有“世界时尚与设计之都”美誉的意大利米兰将耸立起两座摩天“树塔”,这将是世界上第一对绿色公寓。在分别高365英尺(约111.25米)和260英尺(约79.28米)的姐妹楼,会沿着外墙体、层层种下共730棵乔木、5000株灌木和1.1万株草本植物,故两座建筑又被称为“垂直森林”。
这对被命名为“垂直森林”的建筑是著名建筑设计所“博埃里工作室”的负责人、现年35岁的米歇尔·布鲁内洛从2006年开始设计的,其灵感来自一次植树活动。布鲁内洛说:“为什么不能将平铺的森林立起来,在寸土寸金的大城市里建造一个人与自然共同的家呢?”
设计师希望这对姐妹楼能够降低城市交通污染,也为当地居民遮挡地中海的炎炎烈日,并可以随季节的变化而自然改变建筑外观——春天绿意青葱,秋天五彩斑斓。“摩天森林”的居民将不仅仅是人类和植物,通常以米兰各个广场为家的鸟类、昆虫及小动物们也将居住于此。
这是两栋高层住宅楼,这两栋住宅楼的建设成为将建筑和自然元素相结合的又一典范,同时有助于增加城市生物多样性。这两栋楼高度分别是110米和76米,楼梯四周从下至上建了相互错列的混凝土阳台,这些阳台就作为种植树木的苗圃,里面种植了超过900株成年树木,灌木等植物。他们一起将有可容纳480大中的树木,250小尺寸的树木,11,000地被植物和5000棵灌木 - 相当于一公顷森林。这些植物高度各不相同,随着高度不同,所选植被也根据抗风情况等条件进行了不同的分配。这样,在这两栋楼里的每户住户都能拥有一个私人花园,这样的种植方式及缩减了城市里绿化植物占据的面积,又能起到很好的环保作用。

Bosco Verticale, by Boeri Studio (now recognized as Barreca & La Varra and Stefano Boeri Architetti), is a high-density tower block that experiments with the integration of a lush landscape within the facade of the architecture. The Vertical Forest, currently in construction in Milan, Italy, deal with the concept of regenerating the lost forests on the ground within the inhabitable space of buildings. The towers are 80 metres and 112 metres tall. Together they will have the capacity to hold 480 big and medium sized trees, 250 small size trees, 11,000 groundcover plants and 5,000 shrubs – the equivalent of a hectare of forest. For more on this project, follow us after the break.

Living on the facade as they do in the wild, the plants facilitate the same operations that a “smart facade” would. They filter out dust from the air, absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygenated air into the atmosphere and living quarters, while also providing shade and a micro-climate that cools the air in hot summer months.

This “recolonization” of the urban environment with biological growth generates a biodiversity that also creates a safe environment for animals that thrive on these plants as food and shelter. This brings life into areas of the city, life that is typically reserved for parks and gardens. The idea here is to generate environmental corridors. These environmental interventions also mitigate the build up of toxic gases in the environment and help purify the air in the urban atmosphere.

The selection and cultivation of plants for this project was highly considered, as well as the placement and distribution of plants among floors in order to create a successful irrigation system. As a whole, the building functions as its own type of ecological system working between both the landscape and the intricacies of housing design. The tower form of the buildings was chosen to help prevent against urban sprawl, providing residents with a private landscape within their apartments while offering the same advantages of living in a city. The proposal is the equivalent of 50,000 sq meters of forests and family houses in a sprawl setting.
技术经济指标:
建筑师/Architects: Boeri Studio (Stefano Boeri, Gianandrea Barreca, Giovanni La Varra)
地点/Location: Milan, Italy
设计阶段/Design Phase: 2006 – 2008
施工阶段/Construction Phase: 2008 – 2013
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