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澳大利亚墨尔本国家网球中心 / National Tennis Centre建筑设计/体育建筑
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在澳大利亚墨尔本公园的国家网球中心是一个高性能的网球中心,包括21个室内和室外网球场、公共广场、能容纳1000人的公共巴士停车场,改建现有的海信球场等一系列新行人链接,包括人行道桥梁和坡道,无缝连接现有的体育和娱乐场馆分布在更大的墨尔本和奥林匹克公园区的新设施。

The National Tennis Centre at Melbourne Park comprises of a High Performance Tennis Centre consisting of 21 indoor & outdoor tennis courts, a public plaza, 1000 space public bus & carpark, alterations to the existing Hisense Arena and a series of new pedestrian links, including walkways, bridges and ramps, to seamlessly connect the new facilities to the existing sports & entertainment venues located in the greater Melbourne & Olympic Parks precinct.

The High Performance Tennis Centre is designed to be an elite, world class training centre for tennis. As a building it is intended to be represented as a transparent pavilion in a parkland setting and is sited along the northern site boundary to minimise its bulk when viewed from Olympic Boulevard allowing AAMI Park & Hisense Arena to be the dominant buildings fronting Olympic Boulevard. The buildings form incorporates a gentle aerofoil which distinguishes the dynamic roof form with extreme cantilevered overhangs to the south, east & west. To the north, the roof profile wraps down to form the northern facade to enclose the two levels of ancillary spaces that provide a main entry and all other associated facilities to service the tennis court users.

Eight tennis courts are located within the indoor tennis hall, arranged side by side on a highly engineered suspended concrete slab directly above the 1000 space, two level carpark. Triangular steel trusses, which reflect the aerofoil form of the roof, are positioned between each of the courts visually defining each court bay. Modulated glazing to three sides of the hall and the incorporation of south facing roof lights provides a highly transparent internal space with visual & physical connections to the adjoining outdoor areas. This provides an even spread of natural daylight within the hall reducing the total reliance on artificial lighting. The hall is naturally ventilated with louvres integrated into the south facade and air exhaust shafts to the north of the hall delivers a natural flow of air across all courts.

The eastern precinct becomes a key public recreation component within Melbourne Park. The new public plaza is designed as a raised an outdoor room with a formal layout of new Phoenix palms to accompany those existing located further east in the precinct. Sitting between the high performance tennis centre and Hisense Arena the plaza is central to providing unhindered pedestrian circulation in and around the greater precinct and its venues via a series of new bridges, ramps, stairs and walkways.

The eastern precinct is located within the group of Melbourne’s public parks and The National Tennis Centre has been designed to reduce the impact of the built form and public plaza by allowing for the maximum benefit of mature planting and greening around the entire precinct. All courts facing Olympic Boulevard are surrounded with hedging beds in a more traditional manner to enhance site and precinct symmetry. Massing of mature trees provides shading and protection to public open spaces and assists in reducing the visual impact of the new buildings.
技术经济指标:
建筑设计/Architects: Jackson Architecture
地点/Location: Melbourne, Australia
设计团队/Design Team: Daryl Jackson, Matt Drysdale, Stewart Lock, Peter Cole, Aaron Paris, Kon Iakovidis, Elaine Quek
结构工程师/Structural Engineers: Winward Structures
年份/Year: 2012
摄影/Photographs: John Gollings
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